District Profile of Gwadar [2021]

District Profile of Gwadar [2021]
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09 July 2021
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Gwadar is spread over an area of approx. million hectares or 15,216 square kilometers. It is one of attractive coastal area of the region. Gwadar name is composed of two balochi words, which are "Gwad" and "Darr" meaning "AIR" and "Door" respectively. Therefore, door of Air, Air way, Breeze way can be termed for Gwadar in literary terms.

Gwadar is bounded on the north by Kech and Awaran districts, on the east by Awaran and Lasbela districts, on the south by the Arabian Sea, and on the west by Iran. Geographical location of Gwadar has a significant importance in the international trade routes. Sea routes leading to and from Gulf estates and eastern hemisphere of the world passes along Gwadar. Development of Gwadar port has made Gwadar as one of the vital transit ports of this region.

Nationally, Gwadar with its 600 Km coastline covers major portion of the coastal belt of Pakistan. It is linked to Karachi through Mekran costal highway and RCD highway that connects Pasni, Ormara, Lasbella and Hub. It has also been linked through Turbat Hoshab road to Punjgur, Surab and Quetta. Gwadar is also linked on the west to Iran by road and sea which passes through Jewani.

The society is semi tribal and liberal as far as political, investment and family decision making are concerned. Baloch tribes i-e Kauhda’s, Meers, Kalmati, Dashti and Rind are among prominent tribes in Gwadar.

Leading job provider sectors of the district Gwadar include fisheries, cross border trade, real estate, construction, transportation, service sector and Government and nongovernment agencies.

The coastline of Gwadar District extends in an east-west direction and it is almost entirely desert. The elevation of Makran coast range is upto about 1000 meters above the sea level.

In Gwadar District, soil is of two types: alluvial soil and latosols and rudosols. The valley of Dasht river in the western part of the district and the Kulanch valley in the north consist of alluvial soil. The mountainous area of the district is covered with lithosols and rigosols. Limestone, shale and sandstone are the main rocks involved in the formation of this area.

Gwadar district is located from 25`-01` to 25`-45` North latitudes and from 61`-37` to 65`- 15` east longitudes. It is bounded on the North by Kech and Awaran District. On the East by Lasbela District, on the south by the Arabia Sea and on the West by Iran. Total area of the district is 12,637 square kilometers.

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