NOWSHERA (Pronounced “Nau Shaar” or “Nau Khaar” in Pashto, “Nu Shera” in Hindku and “Nowshera” in Urdu languages) is one of the most fertile, peaceful and strategically located central districts of the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa Province of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.
The district was a part of Afghanistan as Nowkhaar Province till it was annexed into British India via the Durand Line Agreement. The district was also part of the Peshawar Division until the reforms of the Government of Pakistan.
There are three military cantonments situated in Nowshera district, which are Cherat cantonment, Nowshera cantonment and Risalpur cantonment. Therefore, Nowshera is also one of the most prominent districts of Pakistan.
Earlier, Nowshera was a Tehsil (Administrative sub-division) of Peshawar district. Its status was upgraded to district level during. It is also one of the largest cities of the province and located on the Grand Trunk Road 27 miles due east of Peshawar at 34°0’55N 71°58’29E.
Nowshera cantonment and city are situated at opposite sides of the bank of Kabul River. To the North-East is Attock district of Punjab province. To the north are Swabi and Mardan districts. To the northwest is Charsadda District and in the west is Peshawar District. On south it touches the Kohat District boundary. Frontier Region (FR) boundary i.e. Darra Adam Khel also borders with Nizampur and Cherat areas of Nowhsera District.
Population density is estimated to be 500.2 persons per km. The annual population growth rate was 2.9% and the proportion of urban dwellers was 26%.